Attaining a Healthy Posture
Posture is the way you hold your body upright against gravity while sitting, lying down, and standing. Good posture encompasses training your body to stand, walk, sit, and lie in positions that place the least amount of strain on supporting muscles and ligaments while moving or lifting weight.
Proper posture includes:
Keeping bones and joints in the appropriate position so that muscles are being used correctly.
Helping decrease the irregular deterioration of joint surfaces that may result in arthritis.
Lessening the stress on ligaments holding the joints of the spine together.
Keeping the spine from becoming set in abnormal positions.
Preventing fatigue by using muscles in a more efficient manner, allowing the body to use less energy.
Preventing strain or other issues involving overuse.
Preventing back pain.
Contributing to a better appearance.
Correct sitting position involves sitting up with your back straight and shoulders held back. You buttocks should be in contact with the back of your chair and your feet should be flat on the floor.
Correct lifting position includes keeping your back straight and bending at the knees and hips. Stand with a wide stance and keep your feet firm on the floor.
The best posture for sleeping and lying down includes using a pillow beneath your head but not beneath your shoulders. Maintain the curve in your back by placing a pillow under your knees or a lumbar roll under your lower back.