Diagnosed with Fibromyalgia? Start Here


Fibromyalgia is a long-lasting illness that is predominantly known for pain throughout the body. Although fibromyalgia may not cause direct damage to tissue or nerves, it does cause a great deal of pain for the person who has it.

Cause of Fibromyalgia

Scientists have not determined the direct cause of fibromyalgia. Research does suggest that there are specific factors that may trigger or be associated with the condition:

  • Traumatic events that cause psychological distress
  • Heightened pain responses to pressure or other external stimuli
  • Repetitive bodily injuries
  • Issues with the central nervous system
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Neurobiological and environmental factors

Getting a Fibromyalgia Diagnosis

If your doctor has experience in diagnosing fibromyalgia, he may use the following criteria:

  • Chronic pain lasting 3 months or more
  • Fatigue that interferes with work, physical activity, social interactions, and educational activities
  • Trouble sleeping (if a sleep study is performed, the test will likely show bursts of brain activity that inhibit the ability to hit deep sleep)
  • Cognitive impairment (difficulty with reasoning, confusion, impaired concentration, and memory issues)
  • Irritable bowel and bladder
  • Headaches and migraines
  • Depressive disorder with heightened anxiety

Treating Fibromyalgia Pain

Since fibromyalgia is such a complicated illness, it usually involves the cooperation of an experience pain team. Once diagnosed, building a team of the experts below to get the best treatment possible.

  • Your primary care physician (if they have experience with fibromyalgia)
    (It’s important to find a doctor who has a background in fibromyalgia to avoid diagnosis confusion)
  • Pain Specialist (they will certainly have experience with fibromyalgia)
  • A Physical Therapist
  • Other Health Professional (e.g. – nutritionist, psychologist, )

This team of professionals will discuss your medical history and a variety of other factors including your pain levels. After this, you will be provided with an appropriate treatment plan. Your team of experts may prescribe one of these popular medications:

  • Duloxetine
  • Milnacipran
  • Pregabalin