Different Types of Foot Pain
In order to get relief from foot pain, the pain must be located.
Pain in the Heel may be due to plantar fasciitis. That's an inflammation of the band of tissue connecting the heel bone to the toes. Heel spurs are another cause of foot pain. These are abnormal growths of bone on the bottom of the heel. Stone bruises are deep bruises on the fat pad of the heel or ball of the foot. Usually caused by an impact injury, stone bruises may also be caused by stepping on a hard object. Another condition due to an impact injury of the heel is a heel fracture. Heel pain, bruising, swelling, or difficulty walking are main symptoms of a heel fracture.
Pain and inflammation in the ball of your foot may be caused by Metatarsalgia. Shoes that don't fit are the common cause. Another condition is Morton's Neuroma which causes a thickening of the tissue around the nerves between the bases of the toes. Typically, pain, odd sensations, or numbness are experienced over the ball of your foot.
Another condition involves the tendon that connects the two bones near your big toe which are called sesamoids. When the tendons surrounding your sesamoids are inflamed, its a form of tendinitis. This condition is usually found in runners and ballet dancers.
Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of arch pain. Plantar Fasciitis may affect the heel and or the arch. If the condition persists, an injection with a mixture of steroid and local anesthetic may be helpful. Fallen arches, or flat feet, is another condition in which the arch flattens out when standing or walking. Flat feet can be treated with shoe inserts, rest, ice, using a walking cane. Sometimes surgery may be necessary.
Toe pain may be the result of gout which is a form of arthritis. Crystals gather in toe joints causing immense pain and swelling. Another condition affecting toes are bunions. Bunions are a bony bulge along the edge of the foot, near the base of the big toe. This condition is related to a misalignment of the first toe joint. A hammer toe is when your second, third, or fourth toe bends at the middle joint, making a hammer-like form. This condition is often due to shoes that don't fit. Claw toe is a condition in which your toe points down or up and is unable to straighten. Ingrown toenails occurs when skin on one or both side of the toenail grow over the nail. This may cause pain and may become infected. Turf toe is when there is a pain at the base of the big toe, possibly caused by a sesamoid fracture. A toe sprain may occur when the toe is jammed or stubbed. A toe fracture can occur in any of the bones of the toes and may require surgery. Hallux rigidus, or stiff big toe, is a type of arthritis. Symptoms are pain and stiffness of the joint that worsens as time passes. Corns may form as thick buildups of tough skin on a point of irritation on the foot or toe. A break of the small bones that are around the tendons attached to the big toe is known as a sesmoid fracture. Treatment of this condition involves rest, ice, and pain relievers.