Chronic Pain

Head & Migraine

Headaches cause pain from a mix of signals between the brain, blood vessels, and nearby nerves. There are a variety of triggers including viral infections, stress, environmental conditions, genetic predisposition, and certain physical activities. There are over 150 different types of headaches that have unique causes and symptoms. It is recommended to work with a doctor to diagnose and tailor the right treatment for each patient’s condition.

Tension Headache

Stress or chronic daily headaches are the most common type amongst adults and teens, and cause mild to moderate pain that come and go over time.


Migraines are throbbing, pounding pain that can last from several hours to days, and can happen several times a month. Besides pain, other migraine symptoms include sensitivity to light, noise and certain smells. Many migraine sufferers also experience nausea, stomach pain, vomiting and/or loss of appetite. Children suffering from a migraine might look pale, have a fever, feel dizzy, and have blurry vision.

Cluster Headaches

Cluster headaches are the least common type of headache and include piercing, burning, throbbing, or constant pain behind the eyes that can last several weeks or months. Often patients have difficulty sitting still and might pace during an attack to better cope with the symptoms.

Sinus Headaches

Sinus headaches are a deep, constant pain in the forehead, bridge of the nose, and cheekbones. These types of headaches are caused by infected or inflamed sinuses.

Hormone Headaches

Women can get headaches from changing hormone levels due to birth control pills or natural biological functions such as periods, pregnancy or menopause.


Patients should seek medical attention if they experience regular headache symptoms that change in frequency and intensity over time. Patients should seek emergency medical attention if they have an abrupt, severe headache, with symptoms like fever, stiff neck, mental confusion, seizures, double vision, numbness or trouble speaking. Headaches that occur from an injury or grow worse from coughing, straining or sudden movement might also require emergency care.

Source: Mayo Clinic, WebMD