How Pain Affects Those with Multiple Sclerosis
People suffering from Multiple Sclerosis feel various types of pain that overtime becomes chronic.
Patients feel a sharp pain when the nerves that deal with sensation are damaged. Acute pain is of three types:
- Trigeminal neuralgia refers to a gnawing pain in the face. It is one of the first symptoms of MS, and some people confuse it with dental pain. This pain is caused due to the damage to trigeminal nerve and can be treated with medicines.
- Lhermitte’s sign is a stabbing pain that a patient feels at the back of the head to the spine which occurs by bending the neck down. There are medicines available in the market that can prevent his pain, or a neck collar can also reduce the pressure on the spine.
- Dysesthesias refer to pains that affect the feet, arms, legs and chest. These painful sensations can be very uncomfortable but are not dangerous. They can be treated with medication, wearing a pressure stocking or glove, and holding warm compresses to the skin.
Other acute pain medications include Duloxetine hydrochloride and Pregabalin. These medicines have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration and have proved somewhat useful in the treatment of neuropathic pain felt by MS patients.
Chronic pain refers to aching, burning or the prickling sensation experienced by patients and it has the same treatment as acute pain. Patients may also experience muscle cramps.
Emotional changes are also sometimes responsible for physical pain. Chronic pain can also be treated with yoga, hypnosis, and acupuncture, etc. Staying active and maintaining a positive outlook can also help with managing the pain.