Lyme Disease Pain Symptoms and Treatments
What is Lyme disease?
Lyme disease occurs because of bacteria named Borrelia burgdorferi. This type of bacteria is transmitted via a bite from a deer tick or black-legged tick that has been infected. Symptoms can occur only 3 days after you’ve been bitten or they can occur even after 30 days. The symptoms are also quite spread out since they depend on the progress of the infection.
The chances of you getting Lyme disease after being bitten by a tick depend on a few things including:
- The time frame for which the tick was attached
- The species of tick
- Your location when you were bitten
The black-legged ticks need to be attached for an entire day for the transmission of Lyme disease.
Lyme disease is diagnosed depending on the symptoms as well as the history of tick exposure. Early signs include chills, fever, joint pain, muscle pain, headache, swollen lymph nodes, and fatigue.
In a majority of infections, a rash is also a symptom. In 30% of the people, the rash seems to be like a bull’s eye; red and uniformly round. The rash gradually expands over time. It can grow up to 12 inches. It isn’t painful, and it doesn’t itch, however, it does feel warm when you touch it. It can appear anywhere on the body.
As the infection progresses, some symptoms you might experience are:
- Neck stiffness as well as a severe headache
- More rashes on other body parts too
- Arthritis especially in the knees with severe swelling and joint pain
- Loss of muscle tone
- Drooping of the face; either on one side or both
- Irregular heartbeat
- Heart palpitation
- Inflammation of spinal cord and brain
- A tingling sensation in the limbs
- Shooting pain and numbness in the limbs
Knowing how to treat it
According to the CDC, two-step blood tests are useful if they are used correctly. Of course, how accurate the test is, depends on what stage the disease is at. For example, in the initial weeks, the test might be negative since it takes time for the antibodies to develop. The test isn’t for those people who have not developed symptoms of Lyme disease.
Antibiotics tetracycline and amoxicillin are used. This antibiotic course can last anywhere from 10 days to 21 days. In some cases, doxycycline and cefuroxime might also be used. Complete recovery is possible if your treatment is done in the initial stages.