Noninvasive Chronic Pain Treatments


In general, pain management can be classified by the degree of intervention they offer. Some treatments are not invasive and do not use medications, such as physical therapy. Others require pain management techniques that are pharmacologic, such as pain relievers that are taken orally or topically. And lastly, invasive techniques, such as injections, are usually used as a last resource.

The three main types of pain management methods include:
  • Noninvasive, non-drug pain treatment
  • Noninvasive pharmacological pain treatment
  • Invasive pain management
  • There is a wide variety of noninvasive non-drug treatments available to help with chronic pain treatment. Some of the most common forms are listed below:

  • Physical exercise is designed to increase strength and flexibility
  • Manual techniques such as joint, muscle, and ligament manipulation
  • Heating or cooling techniques, often used in conjunction with exercise
  • Behavioral modification such as relaxation techniques, biofeedback, and coping techniques
  • Electrotherapy uses a low voltage electric signal to interact with the sensory nervous system to reduce pain
  • Pain relievers are available to treat train at almost every stage of the disease. The most commonly used pharmacological treatments include:

    Pain medications or analgesics such as acetaminophen

  • Muscle relaxers can be used to treat muscle spasms
  • Narcotic medications such as opioids are most effective at treating acute or post-operative pain
  • Antidepressants and anticonvulsants work by calming the nerves
  • Nonsterodial anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen, naproxen, aspirin and COX-2 inhibitors work by reducing pain
  • Neuromodulating medications are used to treat muscular and neuropathic pain