Pain Management for Multiple Sclerosis

Source: Practical

A large number of people who suffer from Multiple Sclerosis or MS experience pain. Such pain can hinder their day to day activities. That is why pain management is critical to face the daily challenges of life and to keep a positive attitude.

Nerve pain is caused due to damage to the sensation carrying nerves. It might take the form of a stabbing pain in the face or throbbing pain in different parts of the body. Lhermitte is another kind of nerve pain where the patient feels shock-like sensation along the length of the spine when the neck is bent forward. Another form of MS pain is muscle spasm which occurs due to nerve malfunction making the muscles squeeze and spasm painfully.

Although treatment of MS pain is a complicated process, there are some treatment options available, and an individual can adopt the one that is most effective for them. It will help them manage the pain and lead an active life.

The most common way to pain relief is to follow the ABC path.

A: anticonvulsant medications

The different anticonvulsant medications help to ease nerve pain. Their active ingredients aid the brain to process pain signals better. Antidepressant medications reset pain-controlling neurotransmitter levels, and antispasmodic medicines relieve pain caused by muscle spasms and cramps.

Common pain relieving drugs can also reduce nerve pain, but they should not be taken over an extended period of time without consulting the doctor. Use of warm compresses and pressure gloves can also decrease nerve pain. Muscle spasm pain can be managed by adjusting the intake of sodium, fluids, and potassium. Other treatments include physical therapy, massage, yoga, and ultrasound treatments.

B: Benzodiazepine medicines

Benzodiazepine medicines control spasm but may not be preferred because they cause drowsiness and dependence. Botox injections are becoming popular for reducing muscle spasm because they help in natural movement. Baclofen pump delivers medicine directly to the spinal cord.

C: complementary approaches

These types of approaches include acupuncture, hypnosis, breathing exercises that deal with the emotional side of pain. These practices help you to manage your pain and lead a positive life.

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