Pain Management Treatment Options People Do Not Always Know About


Pain management involves studying the medication of different patients who are suffering from chronic pain to help them find a better way for their rehabilitation. A pain management team includes different physicians, psychologists, nurses and medical therapists. It also includes mental health specialists and massage therapists. Patients with chronic pain are prescribed high doses of medication, especially anti-inflammatory medicines. These drugs and medications are easily available in the market, but these should not be obtained without a proper prescription.

We are discussing some of the main medications for the patients of chronic pain that people don't always know about.

Types of medication:

  1. Anti-depressants.
  2. Anti-seizure medications.
  3. Cortico-steroids.
  4. Topical medications.


If you are prescribed an anti-depressant by your doctor that doesn’t necessarily mean that you are suffering from depression.

They can also be prescribed for some other reasons. Anti-depressants can help in healing your pain by controlling different chemicals in your body.

There are mainly 3 categories of anti-depressants:

  • Tricyclic Anti-depressants (TCAs): raise the level of neurotransmitters in the body;
    Serotonin and Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs): change re-absorption patterns for neurotransmitters;
    and Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs): specifically targetted for chronic pain.

Anti-depressants can also work for diabetic patients and those with lower back pain.

Anti-seizure medications:

  • Anti-seizure or anti-epileptics are given to censor the nerves connection with your brain to delay pain messages.
  • Prescribed along with anti-depressants, these are intended to cure chronic pain.
  • Pregabalin (Lyrica) and Gabapentin (Gaborone) are two examples.


  • These also help in healing chronic pain and can be taken via injection or orally.
  • They are prescribed to control the different chemicals in your body to make you feel less pain. 
  • However, they may have side effects like weight gain.
  • You can slowly decrease the dose after feeling a decrease in pain.
  • These can be given for migraines, lower back pain, and osteoarthritis.
  • Prednisone (Deltasone) and decadron (Dexamethasone) are common examples.

Topical medications:

  • Diabetic neuropathy, osteoarthritis, and lower back pain can be reduced by prescribing topical medications.
  • Lidocaine patch (Lidoderm) is the example of topical medication.
  • Topical medications can heal your pain temporarily; better results are obtained if used twice daily.

Bottom line:

  • Psychological resilience along with a combination of pain management techniques can help you manage your pain, but medication should not be obtained without a proper prescription.