Chronic Pain

Pain Types & Symptoms

Pain can be both physical and mental. Depending on the root cause of the pain, symptoms can feel sharp, stabbing, throbbing, burning, stinging, tingling, nagging, dull, aching, freezing, or numbing. It is important to identify the type of pain symptoms that you are experiencing as this is critical to aid in the diagnosis of specific conditions.

Acute & Chronic Pain

Acute pain is severe or sudden and often resolves itself within a few days or weeks. Acute pain is frequently caused by illness, injury, or surgery. Chronic pain is persistent pain that lasts for 6 months or longer and can take a physical and emotional toll on a patient over time. The underlying cause(s) of chronic pain can be difficult to pinpoint, therefore, it is incredibly important to keep accurate documentation on symptoms, treatments, activity level, and mood.

Nociceptive & Neuropathic Pain

Nociceptive pain is caused by damaged skin, muscle tissue (somatic), or internal organs (visceral). Nociceptive pain is often described as sharp, aching, or throbbing. Neuropathic pain is caused by damaged peripheral or spinal nerves from an accident, infection, surgery, or disease. Neuropathic pain occurs when there is actual nerve damage. The pain is often described as sharp, radiating, shooting or burning and can range from being mildly uncomfortable to completely disabling.

Pain Sensitivity

Pain sensitivity can be influenced by a number of characteristics like genetics, gender, long-term health problems, past experiences, psychological or social factors. Chronic pain sensitivity involves changes in the central nervous system – the brain and the spinal cord.

Source: Mayo Clinic