Preventative Medications for Migraines
Criteria for Preventative Therapy
No one wants to experience a migraine. There may be ways to alleviate a migraine that you have already tried but what about avoiding it altogether? This is where preventative medication for migraines can help.
You may be a candidate for preventive migraine medication if you meet the following conditions:
- Experience 4 or more migraines each month
- Migraines last more than 12 hours
- Over-the-counter medications are not effective
- Experience other symptoms such as numbness, vomiting, and weakness
While preventative migraine medications may not always ensure that a migraine can be avoided, they do help with symptoms.
Types of Preventative Migraine Medications
Cardiovascular: Also known as Beta Blockers, cardiovascular medications are used for blood pressure but can also help to prevent the occurrence of migraine headaches.
- Metoprolol tartrate
Anti-depressants: Even if you aren’t experiencing depression, tricyclic antidepressants can be a powerful tool to prevent migraines. The medication works by affecting serotonin levels, which in turn can help with migraine headaches.
- Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor
Anti-Seizure: These medications have been shown to be effective in reducing the number of migraine headaches that occur.
Botox: Commonly called Botox, this medication is a direct injection into the neck and forehead muscles. It is very effective but must be repeated every 12 weeks.
- Onabotulinumotoxin A
Pain Relievers: Over-the-counter pain relievers may be effective in treating as well as preventing migraines from occurring.
- Combination of both paired with caffeine
- Indomethacin (suppository-based medication)