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Types, Symptoms, and Treatments of Anxiety Disorders

Source: WebMD
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Anxiety disorders are a group of mental health disorders that often disrupt day-to-day functioning. Worry and fear become persistent and overwhelming, but with proper treatment, people with anxiety disorders are able to lead fulfilling lives.

Types of Anxiety Disorders
Panic disorder

After experiencing a panic attack(s), the fear of having another one can lead to panic disorder. Panic attacks occur without warning and cause feelings of utter terror.

Social anxiety disorder

Also known as social phobia, social anxiety disorder develops when an individual feels overwhelming feelings of self-consciousness in everyday social situations.

Specific phobias

Phobias occur when a person feels intense fear due to a specific object or

situation.

Generalized anxiety disorder

Frequent, extreme worrying interferes with everyday life.

General Symptoms

Symptoms of anxiety disorders include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Panic
  • Fear
  • Sleep issues
  • Inability to stay calm and still
  • Cold
  • Sweaty
  • Numb or tingling hands or feet
  • Shortness of breath
  • Heart palpitations
  • Dry mouth
  • Nausea
  • Tense muscles
  • Tight chest
  • Dizziness
  • Treatments
    Medications

    Antidepressants are often effective treatments for anxiety disorders. Anticonvulsant medications as well as low dose antipsychotic drugs may also be prescribed in combination with other medications. Anxiolytics also help to lower anxiety.

    Psychotherapy

    Psychotherapy helps an individual understand their emotional reaction to anxiety. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a type of psychotherapy that helps people recognize and change thought patterns that trigger anxiety or panic. CBT is very effective in the treatment of anxiety disorders.

    Reducing Symptoms
  • Eliminate caffeine
  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Exercise
  • Meditate
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