Piriformis syndrome is a condition in which the piriformis muscle goes into spasms and causes buttock pain. The piriformis muscle is found deep and behind the gluteus maximus, it connects at the lower spine and runs to the top of the femur working to stabilize the hip joint. It assists with lifting and rotating the thigh away from the body. The muscle crosses the sciatic nerve, so when it spasms, it can cause sciatica, as well as piriformis syndrome.
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