Trigeminal Neuralgia is also known as tic douloureux. It is a condition that affects the trigeminal nerve, also known as the fifth cranial nerve. The nerve can be found on both sides of the face and is responsible for carrying sensations, including pain, from the face to the brain. There are 3 branches to the nerve: forehead, midface and chin. The pain can occur at any of or all of these parts of the face.
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The pain may start out as as short, mild attacks and change to longer, frequent bouts of pain. It can be brought on by stimulation to the face as mild as the feeling of wind, chewing, smiling or brushing teeth. Typically, pain occurs on one side of the face but it’s not unusual for both sides to be affected. The pain can vary from sudden, severe stabbing or jabbing pain to a constant, aching or burning sensation.
Source: Mayo Clinic, Medscape, National Institute of Health: National Institute of Neurological Disorders & Stroke
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