Failed Back Surgery Syndrome

Failed Back Surgery Syndrome (FBSS) is chronic back and/or leg pain that occurs after back surgery (usually a laminectomy). The pain is diffuse, dull, and aching and may include sharp, pricking, and stabbing pain in the extremities. Some surgeries are riskier, and often the location and injury causing the pain are difficult to cure. Failure to decompress a pinched nerve root, stabilize a painful joint or accidental nerve damage can result in new pain, weakness, sexual dysfunction, loss of bowel or bladder control, and paralysis.

After surgery is completed, challenges can arise including pain transferring from one area to another, or scar tissue forming, and causing nerve pressure and pain.

Complications such as infections, medication reaction, blood clots, heart attack, and stroke can occur after surgery. Two common surgeries, laminectomies and foraminotomies can make the spine less stable and require a fusion surgery to reinforce the spine’s structural integrity.

Source: Spine Health
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