5 Muscle Relaxing Medications Commonly Used for Pain Management

Source: Spine Health

Muscle relaxants can be termed as a group of medication that has an overall sedative effect. They are prescribed on the issues of back pain or muscle related problems. They can also be used for muscle spasms and increased mobility of the affected muscles.

There are several types of muscle relaxant medications commonly used to treat back pain or neck pain. The most famous are:


Problems related to spine/back or muscle tightness can be eased with Baclofen. It may also be used to treat abnormal hardening of the tissues or severe nerve pains. Baclofen is found in the form of a tablet and can also be taken by children over 12 years. Side effects include nausea and vomiting, confusion, drowsiness, headache, or muscle weakness.


Chlorzoxazone comes in the form of a tablet and should not be used in hypersensitivity. It gives relief from acute musculoskeletal conditions. Chlorzoxazone is proved to be safe to use during pregnancy. The doctor should be contacted in case of loss of appetite; nausea, vomiting, or tiredness; stomach pain; dark urine; pale stools; or yellowing of the skin or eyes.


Diazepam alleviates symptoms of alcohol withdrawal and anxiety and is used in seizure disorders such as epilepsy. Its use is limited to 1 or 2 weeks only. This is because it changes the sleep cycle and then makes the person habitual to its use. Diazepam should not be used by lactating mothers. It is available in the form of a gel, tablet, injection, and liquid.


Metaxalone is available in the form of a tablet and an injection. It targets pain and muscle spasms from sprains, strains, and muscle injuries. It might affect the sugar level of diabetic people. Metaxalone is the least likely of the muscle relaxers to cause sleepiness.

It can be used by children (13 and older) for musculoskeletal conditions. It has not been rated for safety during pregnancy. The medication is not safe for people with a known tendency to drug-induced, hemolytic, or other anemias, and kidney or liver disease.


Tizanidine is used for managing muscle reflex tendency. It is suitable for adults with multiple sclerosis and spinal cord injury and children with cerebral palsy. It should not be used with patients who have liver disease. If it causes allergy, then it should be avoided. It is available in a tablet form.

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