The Stages of Lyme Disease
Lyme disease, or Lyme borreliosis, is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Borrelia. In North America, Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia mayonii are the typical cause of Lyme disease. In Europe and Asia, Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garini are the typical cause of Lyme disease. The bacteria is spread to humans via the bite of an infected tick, a deer tick or black legged tick.
There are 3 stages to Lyme disease: early localized disease, early disseminated Lyme disease, and late disseminated Lyme disease. The symptoms an individual may experience can depend on what stage of the disease they are in.
These symptoms of lyme disease can appear anywhere between 3 to 30 days after the tick bite. Symptoms include, but are not limited to:
This stage takes place weeks after a tick bite. Symptoms from stage 1 and stage 2 can overlap. It is characterized by flu like symptoms, including:
This stage occurs if the infection has not been treated in stage 1 or stage 2. It can occur weeks, months or years after the initial tick bite.
Symptoms can include: