Conditions

10 Common Causes of Joint Pain

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You never realize how often you use each and every one of your joints until it hurts when you do. Joint pain is a very common problem. In one survey, more than 30% of adults reported experiencing joint pain within the past month. Whether that joint pain is a temporary thing or a serious problem, there are several common reasons why our joints cause us pain.


Arthritis


This is a general term that covers many types of inflammation of the joints. It’s usually thought of as a degenerative disorder, but may be caused by an injury or other environmental factor, too.


Osteoarthritis


This type of arthritis is the result of regular wear and tear; it occurs with age or under extreme circumstances, like in joints that bear excessive amounts of weight. It causes joint stiffness and pain.


Rheumatoid Arthritis


Once again, this type of arthritis results in inflammation in the joints, but the cause is much different and more complicated to treat. Rheumatoid arthritis, also known as RA, is an autoimmune condition. In people with RA, the immune system attacks the linings of the joints, causing degeneration and pain.


Sprains and Strains


Both of the above are types of joint injuries. They cause pain, inflammation, and may be severe enough to prevent the use of the joint. Sprains are an extreme stretching or tearing of a ligament. A strain is a stretching or tearing of a tendon or muscle.


Chronic Fatigue Syndrome


The exact cause of chronic fatigue syndrome isn’t known. The main symptom is pervasive fatigue, but sufferers may also experience joint pain without swelling or redness.


Fibromyalgia


Like with CFS, joint pain is merely a symptom of this complicated and misunderstood disorder. Fibromyalgia is thought to be the result of overactive nerves and causes unspecified pain.


Bursitis


This is a condition where the bursae that are located between the joints become inflamed. The bursae are fluid filled sacs that help absorb pressure in the joints. It generally occurs in joints where repetitive motions occur like the shoulder or elbow.


Ankylosing Spondylitis


This is another type of arthritis. It’s different in that it usually starts in the spine and the joints of the pelvis. Particularly in women, though, the disease may present in joints like the elbow and hip. Getting a speedy diagnosis is important with this type of arthritis because it can permanently affect the shape of the spine, paving the way for chronic pain.


Psoriatic Arthritis


This is a particular form of arthritis that affects people who suffer from psoriasis, an autoimmune condition that causes patches of scaly, red skin to form. It causes common arthritis symptoms like pain, swelling, and stiffness in the joints.


Bone Infection


Many types of bone infection can cause joint pain. The bone ends involved in the joint may become infected, as may the fluid between joints. Infection may occur due to injury or illness.

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