14 treatments for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS)
Over-the-counter painkillers, such as ibuprofen, aspirin and naproxen, help decrease inflammation and pain. Stronger pain medications must be prescribed by a healthcare provider.
2. Anticonvulsants and Antidepressants
These are often used to treat pain that occurs due to a damaged nerve.
Steroid medications reduce inflammation which helps to increase mobility of the affected limb(s).
4. Intravenous Ketamine
Intravenous ketamine is a potent anesthetic. When used in low doses, it helps alleviate pain; however, it does not improve the function of the affected limb(s).
5. Sympathetic Nerve Block
Sympathetic nerve block is when local anesthetic is injected in area the CRPS affected nerves. It blocks the nerve pain and provide pain relief.
6. Bone-Loss Medication
These prescription medications help to impede bone loss.
7. Physical Therapy
Physical therapy proves very effective in reducing pain and increasing strength and range of motion. Optimal results are achieved if CRPS is diagnosed in the early stages.
8. Mirror Therapy
Using a mirror or mirror box tricks the brain. As the body moves the healthy limb in a mirror, the brain perceives it as the limb that is affected by CRPS. The brain then perceives the limb as healthy which results in reduced pain and increased mobility.
Biofeedback techniques teach relaxation which aids in pain relief.
10. Heat Therapy
Heat applied to the affected area offers relief from swelling and pain.
11. Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)
This treatment uses electrical impulses to relieve chronic pain.
12. Topical Analgesics
Over-the-counter capsaicin cream or lidocaine cream (or patches) reduce hypersensitivity.
13. Intrathecal Drug Pump
Pain medications pumped into the nerves of the spinal cord relieve pain.
14. Spinal Cord Stimulation
Spinal cord stimulators relieve pain by delivering small electrical currents to the nerves in the spinal cord.