At-Home Treatments for Fibromyalgia
What is fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain syndrome that involves widespread muscle pain (myalgias) and joint pain (arthralgias). In addition to pain, fibromyalgia is frequently accompanied by additional symptoms, including fatigue, cognitive impairment/brain fog, headaches, depression, anxiety and insomnia.
In addition to conventional medical treatments for fibromyalgia, various at-home treatments can also help manage fibromyalgia symptoms.
- Over-the-counter medications
Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen sodium, may help reduce muscle aches.
Practicing yoga can improve muscle strength and promote relaxation. Studies show that people with fibromyalgia that participate in yoga experience an improvement in mood, pain and fatigue. Yoga involves a combination of gentle poses, meditation, and breathing exercises.
- Physical activity
Walking, biking and swimming increase the brain’s production of endorphins, improve sleep quality, and reduce symptoms of depression and anxiety.
Mindfulness is the practice of focusing on the present moment. It promotes relaxation and encourages self-care. Mindfulness can inhibit the central nervous system’s perception of pain and reduce distressing thoughts and feelings associated with pain.
- Diet and nutrition
Limiting consumption of unhealthy foods can improve body function and reduce pain levels. Eating a diet balanced of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, low-fat dairy, healthy oils, legumes, and low-fat protein is beneficial for many individuals with fibromyalgia. Carbohydrates and fatty, sugary and processed foods may contribute to brain fog. Some people with fibromyalgia notice dramatic improvement with a low-carb or keto diet.